Before I started taking CBD I wanted to understand where it came from and how it was produced. Below is my finidngs and these are my personal views I hope you enjoy reading let me know what you think and once again thanks for the time, Mitchell Stuart.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. Due to the recent legalisation of cannabis in many countries including states in the US and Canada, CBD seems to be appearing in all sorts of products from lip balms to vape juice. There is research to suggest that CBD oil can help with all sorts of ailments such as pain and anxiety and a lot more. Whether you’ve heard of the product or you use it every day, the substance has not been researched as thoroughly due to restrictive laws. A lot of people aren’t even sure of how it is made. Read on to learn about the process of how this natural supplement is made.
CBD: The Basics
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the active compounds found present in the cannabis plant, Cannabis sativa. CBD oil is made by extracting and isolating the CBD compound and diluting it with a carrier oil like coconut or hemp seed oil.
There is a lot of stigma surrounding CBD oil and the morality of using it as it is frequently associated with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which is the psychoactive element of the cannabis plant. THC causes the sensation of getting ‘high’ that’s associated with consuming marijuana. THC is not naturally present in CBD but can be formulated into CBD oil.
CBD is commonly regarded as a natural remedy to many common ailments. It is an appealing option to pain relief without the psychoactive effects of THC or other prescription drugs. It is gaining popularity in the medical and wellbeing world with some studies confirming that it can ease symptoms of chronic pain and anxiety.
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
The most popular way of extracting CBD to make CBD oil is by using CO2. The process takes advantage of CO2’s unique advantage of being able to function in solid, liquid and gas form. The process starts by taking a solid piece of CO2 that gets pumped into a second chamber containing cannabis material. The chamber is kept at a certain pressure so that the CO2 changes into a liquid, as it does this it absorbs the oils and flavours of the cannabis. The mixture of the liquid CO2 and the cannabinoid get pumped into a third chamber where the CO2 is allowed to turn into a gas, leaving behind the oil from the cannabis.
There have been other liquid alternatives, other than CO2, used to absorb CBD from the cannabis plant. Substances that are more natural to the liquid state including; ethanol, butane, hexane or isopropyl alcohol work much the same as using CO2. Using liquid solvent is a much cheaper way of extracting CBD from the cannabis plant than using CO2 but it does come with its disadvantages. Certain solvents may carry impurities and chlorophyll from the plant which can cause discolouration of the oil and may produce a bitter taste; however, making adjustments to the extraction process could minimize these risks.
Oil infusion is one of the oldest ways of harvesting CBD oil. Many home growers still use this method today; however, it does come with some drawbacks. Before the process of oil infusion begins you must first decarboxylate the plant material which involves heating it to a certain temperature to activate the compounds. After this is done, olive oil or a similar carrier oil is added and heated at 100 degrees for an hour or two. One of the primary downsides is that you can’t evaporate olive oil out of CBD oil so you have to use a lot more of this oil to get the same effect.
Winterisation is an important part in the process of harvesting pure, high quality CBD oil. It results in the removal of undesirable substances from the oil so that you are left with pure CBD. Once the oil is extracted, you combine it with 200 proof alcohol and freeze it overnight. The next day it needs to be run through a filter which removes the fats and other materials. When the oil is the quality that you wish, heat the mixture to the boiling point of alcohol where you will be left with the CBD oil.
If you wish to further refine the oil, you can put it through a short path distillation process. Doing this takes advantage of the different boiling points of the separate chemical compounds in the CBD oil. To obtain the purest CBD oil, you can boil off the different compounds that have a lower boiling point than the oil itself.
Short path distillation starts by slowly heating the CBD mixture until the extra substances boil off. The vapours formed by the boiling pass through a distillation tube until they hit cooling coils, where condensation occurs. From there, they drip into a container. This process continues until only the purest form of CBD oil is left.
Standards of Manufacturing
Unfortunately, due to the legalities surrounding the production of cannabis products, there are not many standards set in place for the manufacturing of CBD oil. This means you are at risk of buying a product that may contain little to no CBD in it at all. When purchasing CBD products only buy from a reputable vendor with a trusted reputation.